types of appliances

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Types of Appliances

Below are different types of appliances that may be used during your treatment. If you’re unable to open PDF files, you can get Adobe Reader for free.

Separators (or Spacers)


Spacers are mini-rubber bands that are placed between your teeth to gently make space to fit orthodontic bands at your next appointment.  Learn more [PDF]


Elastics (Rubber Bands)

elastics (rubber bands)

Wearing elastics (rubber bands) improves the fit of your upper and lower teeth. Rubber bands work far more efficiently if they are worn as prescribed. Learn more [PDF]


Palate Expander

palatal expander

The palate expander widens your upper jaw when turned; we will instruct you on how to use it.  Click here to download printable instructions on how to adjust your expander [PDF]Learn more [PDF]


Herbst Appliance

herbst appliance

This is a growth appliance and reduces protrusion of the front teeth by encouraging the lower jaw forward. It is used in actively growing children and is worn for about 12 to 15 months. Learn more [PDF]


FORSUS Bite Springs

Distal Jet

The FORSUS treats protruding front teeth. It is similar to the Herbst but used in less severe cases and in conjunction with braces. Learn more [PDF]

Distal Jet Appliance

Distal Jet

The Distal Jet is used to move upper molars back. Learn more [PDF]


Transpalatal Arch

Transpalatal Arch

A Transpalatal Arch can work as a retainer or correct molar rotations. Learn more [PDF]


Nance, Lingual Arch, or Band and Loop


A Nance, Lingual Arch, or Band and Loop allow crowded teeth to spread out by holding natural spaces.


Clear Removable Retainers (Essix)


This clear retainer is worn full time for six weeks after braces are removed. This period is when the teeth are most susceptible to movement. Learn more [PDF]


Removable Retainers (Hawleys)

Wire retainer

Retainers hold your teeth in their corrected positions after they have been straightened. This is the most important phase of treatment.  Specific instructions will be given to you at your delivery. Wearing your retainers more is always better! Learn more [PDF]


Fixed/Glued Wire Retainers

Wire retainer

Bonded retainers are "permanent" retainers. A thin wire is bonded to the inner surfaces of your teeth, so it is not visible, and is there all the time.  These are great for patients who began very crowded or spaced.  Learn more [PDF]

New Patient

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